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Probiotics are live bacteria and yeasts that can have positive health effects in humans. They play a crucial role in promoting a balanced gut flora and can support the immune system.

The bacterial strains Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium, which are found in fermented foods, are particularly well-known.

The mode of action of probiotics includes strengthening the gut barrier, promoting nutrient absorption, and modulating the body’s immune defenses. They can also help suppress the growth of harmful bacteria in the gut and contribute to maintaining a healthy gut flora. This is especially important after taking antibiotics, as such medications can impair the natural gut flora.