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Amino acids, sports nutrition

Amino acids are organic compounds that serve as the building blocks of proteins. They consist of a central carbon atom, a hydrogen atom, an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl group (-COOH), and a variable side chain that defines the specific amino acid. There are 20 standard amino acids found in human proteins, nine of which are considered essential because the body cannot synthesize them itself and they must therefore be obtained through diet.

Amino acids perform a variety of functions in the human body. They are not only essential for building and repairing body tissues, but also important for the synthesis of enzymes, hormones, neurotransmitters, and other molecules that control vital physiological processes. Furthermore, they play a role in metabolism, energy production, and immune function.

Supplementation with amino acids can be beneficial in certain situations, such as increased demand due to intensive training, certain health conditions, or a diet that does not provide all essential amino acids in sufficient quantities.

Amino acid supplements can help optimize nutrition, enhance performance, support recovery, and promote overall well-being.